modern civilization is very proud of itself. Most members of this civilization
sincerely believe that we are reaching paradisiacal times,
following uninterrupted progress and evolution. The humankind became hypnotized
by humanity and humanitarianism, and the modern people think with arrogance
that the only reason why the human being appeared on Earth is to be exclusively
human. Therefore, the civilized people play gods, imposing
their individual desires, ideas and originality, unaware that, in fact,
they are puppets and God, the supreme Principle, is the Master Puppeteer.
The main difference between our modern civilization and the traditional
ones is that we are profoundly profane, having lost the sacred essence
of our world and being. The modern world has cut its ties with the Principle;
on the contrary, God was close to the members of traditional civilizations,
and they knew that individuality is nothing compared to the One-and-only,
just a puppet on a string. In a traditional society, the whole life was
a reflection of God.
The myths were real, the beliefs were certitudes, and the rites were not
superstitions, but spiritual instruments. In a traditional society, every
gesture, every activity was a sacred one, imitating what the gods did
in illo tempore, at the beginning of the world. Eating, working, hunting,
dancing, singing, playing, each one represented a sacred rite, an organized
activity (Sanskrit rita = order), following a divine model
and having a spiritual meaning. A traditional person knew that humankind,
at the same time with its birth, was blessed with a holy lore, the Tradition
descended from Heaven. For the modern person this descent is just another
In a traditional civilization, the day-to-day activities sheltered a multitude
of sacred symbols, each symbol allowing a multitude of points of view,
all valid, like the indefinite number of solar rays; for that reason,
the Hindu doctrines are called darsanas - points of view.
Kabbalah, the Hebraic tradition, selects three as fundamental meanings
of the symbols: the Cosmos, the Year and the Man (Sepher Yetsirah III.2),
and they can be traced in any orthodox doctrine of any traditional society.
Moreover, any rite has as kernel this triple significance.
The Man of the kabbalistic
triad has to be understood as an Intellectual, image of Hindu Manu, the
Lord of the World, and not as any man. In a common sense,
man represents a human mental being (Sanskrit mânava),
male or female. The English word man, as the Sanskrit mânava, is
strong related to mind (Sanskrit manas), stressing that we, human beings,
as Aristotle also stated, are mental beings equipped with
reason and judgment. At the same time, mind is connected to the word moon
(and month), and likewise the moon,
which appears to shine by itself during the night, the mind is the light
of our being that
dispels the ignorance. But everybody knows that, in fact, the moon reflects
the solar light, which is the real luminous source. Similarly, the human
mind reflects the intellectual light coming from the spiritual Sun, and
the Hindu tradition specifies the existence of the Greater
(Mahat), or the Intellect (Buddhi), which is the higher part of our being
and connects us to the supreme Principle.
In the modern civilization, the Intellect is confounded with the rational
mind. A scholar, or an erudite and educated person, is called an intellectual.
Yet from a traditional perspective, the modern intellectual is only a
rational, which uses mainly the reason, imagination and memory, all elements
belonging exclusively to our human individuality, in comparison to the
Intellect, which in various traditions is considered to be a principle
of super-individual nature, that is, of super-human or divine nature.
Buddhi, as its name indicates, is described in Hindu tradition as a solar
luminous ray of pure spiritual essence, which comes down and pierces the
top of our head, giving us reality, and pointing out the way to Liberation.
The chimney is a corporeal symbol of Buddhi. The legend says that the
stork brings the newborn to the parents descending the baby through the
chimney. The stork is an emblem of the supreme Principle. When this bird
flies it looks like a flying snake. The Feathered Serpent
unifies the bird and the serpent, Heaven and Earth, illustrating the Principle,
One without a second. The chimney is a representation of the Axis Mundi;
it is the spiritual way of the fire to ascend to Heavens. The elected
neophyte will learn the fire route to
accomplish the spiritual realization, obtaining Liberation. The Divine
Presence uses the
same route to come down in our world as avatâra. The Intellect as
solar ray is such a divine presence, which coming down in our being illuminates
the mind, and the mind will shine reflecting this intellectual light.
There are many symbols
in our world suggesting the Intellect as a unique luminous ray. This ray
is called in Hindu tradition the one foot of the Principle
(Sun). Ekapâda means in Sanskrit one-footed and represents
the Axis Mundi as celestial ray of the spiritual Sun. The solar Ray, producing
the Existence, multiplies itself in one thousand feet (Sanskrit
sahashrapâda), i. e., a multiplicity of solar rays, reflecting the
unique Ray. Various traditions state, on the other hand, an upside-down
Fiat Lux to describe the cosmogony. The light of the super-luminous Principle
(or Sun) is so strong - a pure burning fire, that no world can exist.
The gods had to cripple the Sun, which appears as one-footed. The one-foot
that generates the Cosmos is just a shadow of the divine super-light,
and so is the Intellect in comparison with the supreme Principle; otherwise,
the human mind wouldnt have been able to stand the immense brightness
of the Absolute.
In any case, the Intellect appears as the one foot of the
spiritual Sun, and ekapâda is its emblem. Sacred characters like
Ulysses, Oedipus, Jacob, Hephaestus and many others are described as cripples;
the stork, image of the Principle, stands one-footed in non-action (Chinese
wu-wei); Shiva as Natarâjâ and Ganesha as Nrtya Ganapati (dancing
Ganapati) are ekapâda. They all illustrate the Intellectual.
At the same time, the neophyte embarked on the spiritual path and following
the luminous ray of the Intellect, has as symbolic goal the holy wedding
with Madonna Intelligenza, the intellectual maiden called Beatrice by
Dante or Helen
of Troy by Homer.
The Intellectual is therefore, in a traditional society, a human being
that has surpassed the individual conditions, having access to the super-human
order of reality, that is, to the super-rational domain. Plato highly
praises this super-rational of which he talks in Phaedo, a super-rational
confounded by common people with madness or drunkenness.
In fact, the intellectual being cannot belong to a modern and profane
civilization, but only to a traditional one, i. e., to a human collectivity
that has its social life based on tradition. Etymologically, tradition
is what was transmitted, and more precise, the uninterrupted
transmission of the divine principles, lore and sacred sciences, through
a golden chain, anchored to the supreme Principle. Only for the profane
people tradition would represent, for example, the habit to go grocery
shopping every Saturday.
The Tradition could
be compared with a treasure concealed into a locked trunk, the Intellect
being the trunks key. The rational mind makes it possible to analyze
the trunk, to weigh it, to state different judgments about its content,
even to count the precious stones using the probability theory. Yet only
the Intellectuals have access to the treasure and are capable to embrace
it synthetically, and moreover, to identify themselves with the treasure.
To understand the fundamental difference between an Intellectual and a
rational, we bring as example the well-known disputed question: who came
first, the chicken or the egg? The answer to this question paradigmatically
illustrates the essential distinction between the Intellect and rational
mind. For the rational, the egg has priority; for the Intellectual, at
the beginning there was the hen, yet, of course, not any hen, but the
divine Hen, which, like Hindu Hamsa, or Greek Leda, has produced the World
assimilating the Tradition, becomes a spiritual master and has the qualification
to transmit the sacred knowledge to the disciples, using three ways: silence,
the oral word and the written word. The highest way is the silence, often
used by one of the greatest masters, Ramana Maharshi, a perfect Intellectual.
The second way is the oral transmission, ab ore ad aurem, which escapes
the chronological estimations of the scholars. The third way is represented
by the scriptures, this being for the modern people almost the only possible
method to find out what the Intellectual meant in a traditional society.
In our modern world, the Intellectuals dont exist anymore, or, at
least, they are no longer visible. In the same way the genuine Rosicrucians
disappeared from Europe in the seventeenth century, so the Intellectuals
vanished from the modern public life; and those known as intellectuals,
are just rational individuals, who will see and see again, but not
perceive. For the heart of this nation has grown course (Matthew
The traditional wisdom locates symbolically the Intellect within the heart,
considering the heart as center of our total being. To be an Intellectual,
we have to see with the Eye of the Heart. Only this Intellectual Eye has
access to the celestial domain. But you are not able to see Me with
your (corporeal) eyes. I give you a divine eye (Bhagavad-Gîtâ
XI.8). The divine eye is not different from Gods Eye,
because, as stated in different traditions, only God knows God, and only
God sees God, which is an illustration of the Supreme Identity, taught
in Sufism, or of Hindu Aham Brahmâsmi (I am Brahma).
Gods Eye is the Intellectual Eye, and seeing with the Eye of the
Heart means God seeing God with God (as Intellectual Eye).
The Eye of the Heart
is a universal symbol. In Sufism, Ayn el-Qalb, the Eye of the Heart, sees
the Face of God, which is its eternal vision. In Hindu tradition, it is
called the eye of knowledge (jnana caksus) (Bhagavad-Gîtâ
XV.10), representing the intellectual intuition, the only
instrument that has direct and immediate (not mediated) access to absolute
Knowledge and the celestial levels. It is not possible to see the
Principle with the corporeal eyes. Those who know him with the heart,
as dwelling within the heart, become immortals (Svetâsvatara
Ignorance, from a traditional point of view, means to be blind and heartless,
which refers to the Eye of the Heart, and not to our corporeal eyes and
heart. For most of the modern intellectuals the Eye of the Heart is asleep.
They use wonderful devices to see better the planets and the micro particles,
to see faster what happens all around the globe, yet they are condemned
to be less and less intellectual.
In our modern world, the rational mind and the emotional heart are fully
in control, or they think they are. Yet the Intellectual Being is still
hiding within us, waiting to be woken up.